Origin: Italy (Università degli Studi di Milano [DiSAA]1986).
Leaf: large, wedge-shaped, whole, slightly three-lobed, with an open V-shaped petiolar sinus; the upper side is hairless and the flap is bullous, dark-green-colored, opaque; the lower side is bristly and green colored, with light-green ribs.
Woody shoot: long, branched, elastic, with prominent development of secondary shoots, hairless, dark purple-brown in color.
Ability to promote fruit setting:
Root system regeneration:
Adaptability to soil type:
- compact: good
- wet: poor
- dry: excellent
- stony: good
- acidic: poor
- saline: excellent
Branching pattern of the roots:
Tendency to emission of suckers:
Susceptibility to deficiencies or excesses:
- deficiency of K: sensitive
- deficiency of Mg: poor sensitivity
- deficiency of Fe: poor sensitivity
- deficiency of B: poor sensitivity
Resistance to root phylloxera:
Resistance to leaf phylloxera:
Susceptibility to fungal and plant diseases:
downy mildew: poor
powdery mildew: poor