Loureira is an ancient variety, spread in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, especially in Ribeira Lima region, Portugal (5,200 ha in 2000), and in the south of Galicia. Its name comes from the fragrance of laurel grapes and leaves. Also known as Marques.
CULTIVATED AREA IN SPAIN
CULTIVATED AREA IN PORTUGAL
Bud-burst period: everage-early.
Ripening period: average-late (7 days after Godello).
the reddish bud has an open apex with evenly distributed pigmentation and medium hairiness. The medium-sized leaf has a semi-closed petiolar sinus, five lobes and slightly inward-curved edges. The cluster is large, winged, medium compact, cylindrical, or cylindrical-conical. The medium-sized spherical berry is of golden yellow colour and has a juicy pulp.
vine of medium-high vigour and semi-upright growth habit. It prefers deep soils of medium fertility, somewhat dry. Susceptible to water deficiencies.
Training system and pruning:
adaptable to different training systems, also to cordon and Guyot, due to its high fertility (2 clusters per bud).
Susceptibility to diseases and adverse conditions:
susceptible to botrytis, dead arm and powdery mildew. A little susceptible to downy mildew.
it produces high acidity wines, with low alcohol content and remarkable aroma. Suitable for blends with other varieties.
Clones in propagation:
Clones undergoing homologation procedure:
New plantation with protectors in Vinho Verde (Portugal)