Tsulukidzis Tetra was assimilated into the Albilio variety in the Nikitski Botanical Garden (Yalta). Many ampelographic characters are however different from those of the real Albilio. In 1933 Albilio was introduced into Telavi’s variety collection. Ampelographer D. Tabidze defined it as similar to the widely distributed Georgian variety Tsulukidzis Tetra. Then, N. Tsertsvadze, in his research work aimed at classification of the following Georgian native varieties: Albilio, Krimski and Tsulukidzis Tetra confirmed the similarity between them. In the work of N. Tsertsvadze, Tsulukidzis Tetra was classified in the same group as Rkatsiteli and five other local Georgian varieties. Later, this classification was confirmed by cytologist L. Vashakidze. Tsulikidzis Tetra is diffused in the Ratcha-Lechkhumi district. It is also included in the official list of recommended varieties in Georgia.
Budburst period: medium.
Ripening period: medium.
the tip of the young shoot and the first two distal leaves are covered in a thick down and have reddish edges. The adult leaves are large and three- or five-lobed. The upper sinuses are medium-sized and lyre-shaped, while the lower ones are very small. The petiolar sinus is lyre shaped. There are triangular convex teeth on both sides of the leaf. The underside is covered with sparse hair. The cluster is medium-sized, conical or cylindrical-conical, sometimes winged and moderately compact. The small or medium, round and yellow-green berry has thick skin and juicy difficult to separate pulp.
semi-upright growth habit, medium vigour.
Training system and pruning:
double Guyot with two fruit canes is the most widely used training system.
Susceptibility to diseases and adverse conditions:
good resistance to downy mildew and powdery mildew. Low resistance to botrytis especially in rainy autumns.
this variety is used for production of high-quality table wines and semi-sweet wines in the Ambrolauri and Oni districts. It is also used for production of high-quality dessert wines in Crimea, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
Clones in propagation:
—●— Variety average
—●— Variety average