Originally from the north-western region of the Iberian Peninsula, mostly spread in the Portuguese region of Minho with the name of Vinhão. It can also be found in other parts of Portugal, especially in the Douro region, and in Spain, where it is authorized in the Galicia region. Also cultivated in South Africa and California.
CULTIVATED AREA IN SPAIN
CULTIVATED AREA IN PORTUGAL
Bud-burst period: everage-early.
Ripening period: late.
the bud has open whitish and cottony apex with light and diffuse anthocyanin pigmentation. The leaf is medium-sized, cuneiform and five-lobed. The cluster is medium-sized, winged, more than averagely compact and cylindrical or cylindrical-conical in shape. The berry is medium-small, spherical and blue-black coloured with very pruinose skin and a juicy, slightly red pulp with neutral taste.
average-high vigour vine, with an upright growth habit. It adapts to fresh climates and soils.
Training system and pruning:
it does not have any limitation to the different pruning systems, even the shortest ones.
Susceptibility to diseases and adverse conditions:
little susceptible to downy and powdery mildew, susceptible to Esca disease. It poorly tolerates droughts and water stress. The bud is susceptible to sunburn.
it produces wines with an intense pink-garnet colour, full-bodied wines with intense and persistent aromas. Used in blend to provide colour.
Clones in propagation:
Vineyards in Ribeira Sacra (Galicia) – Source: Viticampo